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Signs of Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer occurs when abnormal cells in the testes grow out of control. There are several warning signs that can indicate that there is a problem. The good news is that this disease is curable when detected early. According to the American Cancer Society, the risk of dying from testicular cancer is about 1 in 5,000. When you know the warning signs, then you know when it is time to see a doctor. Here are some of the possible signs of testicular cancer.

How the Testicles Work

The testicles produce male hormones such as testosterone. They also produce sperm. After being produced in the testes, sperm is stored in a coil of tubing behind each testicle called the epididymis. This is where the sperm cells mature. When a man ejaculates, the sperm travel to the seminal vesicle where they mix with fluids to form semen, before being ejected through the urethra.

Some Signs of Testicular Cancer

  • A lump in the testicles

  • While it is normal for one testicle to be larger or hang lower than the other, if one or both testicles are swollen, it could be cause for concern.

  • Pressure or an aching sensation in the lower belly, scrotum or back.

  • Less common signs can include a change in the breasts or sex drive due to an upset in the hormones.

Frequently, patients will not show any symptoms. This is why it is important to schedule regular physical check ups with your physician.

Other Things You Should Know About Testicular Cancer

While it is possible for men of any age to develop this sort of cancer, it is most common in men in their 20s and early 30s. If caught early, testicular cancer can be treated. If it isn't caught early, it can spread. Treatment for this sort of cancer can result in infertility. If you have been diagnosed and plan to start a family, sperm cryopreservation is an alternative option.

Only one in roughly 263 men will get testicular cancer. This disease results in death for only .0002% of the population. The key to keeping these odds down is early detection. Knowing the signs can save your life. For more information on cancer and early detection, please contact Johnson Memorial Health today.

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